May 18, - Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission. Treatment of adult AML during the remission phase depends on the subtype of AML and may include the following: Combination chemotherapy. High-dose chemotherapy, with or without radiation therapy, and stem cell transplant using the patient's stem cells. Sep 7, - A look at the treatment of leukemia from the experts at WebMD. If these treatments don't work for kids and young adults that have B-cell type.